Guatemala history and culture

What is the brief history of Guatemala?

The Maya civilization was at its height from around 250 AD to 900 AD in what was called the Classic Period. When the Europeans arrived in the 14th century, the Mayan civilization was already declining. Spanish conquistador Pedro de Alvarado defeated the Maya in 1524 and the area became a Spanish colony.

What are some customs and traditions in Guatemala?

11 Guatemalan Traditions and Customs Only Locals Will Understand

  • Bare knuckle boxing on Good Friday.
  • Drunken horse racing.
  • Holy Week parades in Antigua Guatemala.
  • Leaving cigarettes and alcohol for a syncretic saint.
  • Dancing on your family grave on All Saints’ Day.
  • Patterned clothing which reveals where you are from.
  • Giant kites to honor the dead.

What are 5 interesting facts about Guatemala?

11 Surprising Cultural Facts You Didn’t Know About Guatemala

  • The national bird lends its name to the Guatemalan currency. …
  • Guatemala means “land of many trees” …
  • It has been inhabited for 20,000 years. …
  • 22 languages are spoken in the country. …
  • The CIA overthrew a socialist government in 1954. …
  • The Guatemalan Civil War was the longest in Latin American history.

What are Guatemalan people known for?

Guatemala is best known for its volcanic landscape, fascinating Mayan culture and the colorful colonial city of Antigua, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. But this small Central American country has a wealth of homegrown produce and talent.

Who named Guatemala?

That was the name the Tlaxcaltec soldiers who accompanied Pedro de Alvarado during the Spanish Conquest gave to this territory, perhaps translating into their language the word “Quiche,” which means “many trees.” One other idea is that Guatemala’s name is a Spanish corruption of the Nahoa (Mexican) word coactlmoctl-lan …

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What is a fact about Guatemala?

The population of Guatemala today is more than 14 million people. Guatemala is the second-most populated country in both South and Central America. The Guatemalan currency is the Quetzal, and the U.S. dollar is also used. Approximately half of the Guatemalans living today are descendants of the ancient Mayans.

What do Guatemalans do for fun?

Outdoor sports are main recreational activities. The most popular are white-water rafting near Acatenango Volcano, kayaking on inland Lake Atitlán and along the Pacific coast, spelunking in the limestone labyrinths of the Petén plateau, and volcano climbing and mountain biking in the sierras above Antigua Guatemala.

What religion is in Guatemala?

Roman Catholicism was the official religion in Guatemala during the colonial era and currently has a special status under the constitution. Pentecostal (Pentecostals are called Evangélicos in Latin America) and later Eastern Orthodoxy and Oriental Orthodoxy have increased in recent decades.

What are traditional clothes in Guatemala?

The women honor their ancestors by wearing a red corte (skirt) with yellow stripes held up by a woven faja (belt or sash). The women also wear a huipil (a traditional square-cut blouse) made with embroidered designs. A shawl drapes over one shoulder, which can be used to carry a baby around.

Why Guatemala is so poor?

Guatemala’s poor getting poorer. In Latin America, only Guatemala’s poor are getting even poorer. A new World Bank study says a key reason is that the government collects too few taxes. Low spending leads to poor infrastructure and slow growth.

What food is Guatemala known for?

Corn, beans, rice, pork, beef, chicken, cheese, and tortillas form the backbone of most Guatemalan cuisine. Meat stews (caldos) and soups (sopas) are easily the most popular dishes among locals.

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What was invented in Guatemala?

Blue denim was first invented in Guatemala. Shortly after their invention, the Levis brand began distributing blue jeans around the world. The Mayans were the first civilization to determine the number zero.

Is Guatemalan Hispanic or Latino?

Guatemalans are the sixth largest Latin/Hispanic group in the United States and the second largest Central American population after Salvadorans. Half of the Guatemalan population is situated in two parts of the country, the Northeast and Southern California.

What do you call a girl from Guatemala?

Chapín/ChapinaGuatemala

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