Guatemala history for kids

What are some historical events in Guatemala?

Contents

  • 3.1 Independence and Central America civil war.
  • 3.2 Invasion of General Morazán in 1829.
  • 3.3 Liberal rule.
  • 3.4 Rise of Rafael Carrera.
  • 3.5 Invasion and Absorption of Los Altos.
  • 3.6 Caste War of Yucatán.
  • 3.7 Battle of La Arada. 3.7.1 Concordat of 1854. …
  • 3.8 Justo Rufino Barrios government.

What is the brief history of Guatemala?

The Maya civilization was at its height from around 250 AD to 900 AD in what was called the Classic Period. When the Europeans arrived in the 14th century, the Mayan civilization was already declining. Spanish conquistador Pedro de Alvarado defeated the Maya in 1524 and the area became a Spanish colony.

What are 5 interesting facts about Guatemala?

11 Surprising Cultural Facts You Didn’t Know About Guatemala

  • The national bird lends its name to the Guatemalan currency. …
  • Guatemala means “land of many trees” …
  • It has been inhabited for 20,000 years. …
  • 22 languages are spoken in the country. …
  • The CIA overthrew a socialist government in 1954. …
  • The Guatemalan Civil War was the longest in Latin American history.

What is Guatemala known for?

Guatemala is best known for its volcanic landscape, fascinating Mayan culture and the colorful colonial city of Antigua, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. But this small Central American country has a wealth of homegrown produce and talent.

Who named Guatemala?

That was the name the Tlaxcaltec soldiers who accompanied Pedro de Alvarado during the Spanish Conquest gave to this territory, perhaps translating into their language the word “Quiche,” which means “many trees.” One other idea is that Guatemala’s name is a Spanish corruption of the Nahoa (Mexican) word coactlmoctl-lan …

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What country owns Guatemala?

listen)), officially the Republic of Guatemala (Spanish: República de Guatemala), is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, Belize and the Caribbean to the northeast, Honduras to the east, El Salvador to the southeast and the Pacific Ocean to the south.

Did Guatemala invent chocolate?

Guatemalans invented the first ever chocolate bar

All of us (well, the chocolate lovers among us) would agree with the Maya people who worship the cacao tree. They call chocolate “the food of the Gods”. … Today, Guatemala is a mass producer and exporter of chocolate products.

Is Guatemala a poor country?

Guatemala is the third biggest country in Central America. It has one of the highest disparities between rich and poor as well as one of the highest poverty levels worldwide, with 54% of the population living below the poverty line in 2006 and 54% in 2011.

What is a fact about Guatemala?

The population of Guatemala today is more than 14 million people. Guatemala is the second-most populated country in both South and Central America. The Guatemalan currency is the Quetzal, and the U.S. dollar is also used. Approximately half of the Guatemalans living today are descendants of the ancient Mayans.

What food is Guatemala known for?

Corn, beans, rice, pork, beef, chicken, cheese, and tortillas form the backbone of most Guatemalan cuisine. Meat stews (caldos) and soups (sopas) are easily the most popular dishes among locals.

What are people like in Guatemala?

The culture of Guatemala reflects strong Mayan and Spanish influences and continues to be defined as a contrast between poor Mayan villagers in the rural highlands, and the urbanized and relatively wealthy mestizos population (known in Guatemala as ladinos) who occupy the cities and surrounding agricultural plains.

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Is English spoken in Guatemala?

English is recognized as a co-official language even in Guatemala, where it is the first tongue of many inhabitants of Izabal Department. But a movement is afoot to make it the second tongue of all educated Guatemalans.

What do people in Guatemala do for fun?

Outdoor sports are main recreational activities. The most popular are white-water rafting near Acatenango Volcano, kayaking on inland Lake Atitlán and along the Pacific coast, spelunking in the limestone labyrinths of the Petén plateau, and volcano climbing and mountain biking in the sierras above Antigua Guatemala.

How safe is Guatemala?

Guatemala has one of the highest violent crime rates in Latin America, one of the world’s highest homicide rates and a very low arrest and detention rate. Most incidents of violent crime are drug- and gang-related. They occur throughout the country, including in tourist destinations.Guatemala

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